EXCURSIONS TO BELARUS

Below there are variants of excursion routes in Belarus. We offer you the most interesting historical places, visiting you will be able to explore the rich and interesting history of this country.
 
You can choose a specific route, and also we can make the route according to your wishes.
 
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Minsk
 
At the time of excursion you will receive many interesting particulars about the past of the town. History of Minsk started from the times of Polotsk Duchy... You will see the most valuable architect monument of the town: Catholic and Orthodox churches, built at XVII-XVIII centuries; Church of Peter and Paul by early XVII c. and The Red Church by XX c; the most ancient street - Niamiga, which one was it start from the Minsk Castle, and picturesque Upper Town. You will enjoy by views of majestic squares and avenues, monumental administrative buildings in socialist stile, and shady parks. You will finish your journey on foot trip along the Troitsky Suburb, where in XIX c. was the most intensive town life and now this area involve tourists to museums, gift shops, cosy pubs and spirit of ancient town.
     

Belorussian State Museum of Folk Architecture and Household Activity in Aziartso
 
Belorussian State Museum of Folk Architecture and Household Activity in Aziartso learns, collect, investigate, expose and popularize collections of relics from XVII-XX centuries (monuments of folk art of building, comfort items, works of arts and crafts), which characterize material and spiritual culture of Belarusians. There are 7 ethnographic regions in Belarus, that is why the exposition is divided into 7 sectors: The Central Belarus, The Country of Lakes, The Country Ashore the River Dniepr, The Country Ashore the River Nioman, The East Palessie, The western Palessie, The Village.
The site of ancient settlement on the River Menka precede formation of the Castle on the River Niamiga and the River Svislach, where later was erected Minsk. The site of ancient settlement controlled a territory between rivers Nioman and Ptsich, on which was an ancient trade way from the Baltic Sea to the Black Sea. Garadzishcha stopped its being a centre at II part of XI century, when the castle was built near the confluence of the River Niamiga and the River Svislach. The most ancient discoveries at Garadzishcha date IV-V centuries, when Slavs came to land of Baltic culture.      

Zaslauye
 
Old Zaslauye is the most ancient town in Belarus, it has more than 1000 years old. There are eight Old Russian annals, which tell about events, which precede the appearance of this town. There are very many famous people in history of Belarus, which names are very closely related with Zaslauye - Duchess Ragneda from Polotsk, Great DPrince of Kijev Vladimir Sviatoslavich, Prince Iziaslau from Polotsk. You will visit the place, where in ancient times was a castle, Zamechak, Maryinski Church (XVIII c.) and Spaso-Preobrazhenskiy Church (earlier - Kalvinskiy Sbor XVI c.)… You will feel unique spirit of ancient centuries at the Museum of Regional Studies and at the Ethnographic Centre, where fascinating Mrs. Zosia will invite you to the unforgettable excursion to smithy and mill, and will organize a special treat for you.
 

Museum of the Material Culture Dudutki on the River Ptich
 
Museum of the Material Culture DUDUTKI is placed 60 km from Minsk. It’s located at the picturesque place on the River Ptich. The name of this lands Dudutki came from the ancient pages of literary work Slovo o Polku Igoreve (The Word About the Igor’s Regiment). The old and very popular in developing of European culture kin Yelski was bound up with village Dudichi (modern title). In line of Yelski kin from Dudichi there are such names as Stanislav Yelski (musician, relative Great Lithuanian Hetman Kazimir Oginski), Kazimir Yelski (sculptor of monument), Michail Yelski (composer, musician) and Aleksander Yelski (writer, historian, ethnographer and regional specialist, member of Free-Economical Association in St. Petersburg, member of Comission by History and Art at the Philological Faculty in Academy of Science in Krakov). Touristic attractions in Museum DUDUTKI: visiting mill and having a treat; visiting production workshops (carpenter, potters, forge, weaving and weaving straw); participation in handcraft manufacturing (carpenter and forge workshops); visiting bakery and having a treat (bread, butter and cheese); visit brewery with treat (samogon / moonshine); survey of the Museum’s zoo and housekeeping (ostriches, wild boars, deers; stable, farm and hen house).

"Berezinsky" Biosphere Reserve
 
Berezinsky Biosphere Reserve was established in 1925 with the aim of protecting and increasing the number of valuable wild animals, beaver and wildfowl nearby the river Berezina. You will visit the cages with the animals, the unique nature museum in the village Domzheritsy, which shows the articulated exposition of flora and fauna of Belarus. You will see the magnificent landscapes of the reserve, take a walk in the woods, get acquainted with the problems of protection of natural heritage.

Mir - Niasvizh - Ishkoldz
 
Castle in Mir is a pearl of Belarusian medieval architecture. The initiator of building was famous and well grounded figure of Great Duchy of Lithuania - Youri Ilynych. In 1566 Mir’s Castle became a property of great Radzivill’s kin - “kings of Lithuania'. Mir’s castle is a card of Belarus. At 29th November in 2000 it was enter by UNESCO in The List of the World Cultural Heritage. Nearby the castle there is an unique Church-Tomb, where repose last castle’s owners with title - dukes Sviatopolk-Mirsky. Niasvizh - town-monument, the residence of Radzivill’s kin, one of the most ancient centre of culture in Belarus. You can visit a majestic ensemble with palace and park (XVI-XVIII c.), Church Fara XVI ct. with the family crypt of Radzivill’s kin, Slutsk’s Gate, monasteries, and famous Niasvizh’s printing house, where famous Belarusian educators Symon Budny and Vasyl Tsiapinski were printing books. At 2006 ensemble with palace and park in Niasvizh was enter by UNESCO in The List of the World Cultural Heritage. The village Ishkoldz has the oldest church in Belarus, founded in the year 1449 by Nicholas Nemirovich. The temple still retains the original shape and style of architecture, which is an interpretation of Gothic forms in Central Europe.

Mir - Navagrudak - Lubcza - Lida
 
Castle in Mir is a pearl of Belarusian medieval architecture. The initiator of building was famous and well grounded figure of Great Duchy of Lithuania - Youri Ilynych. In 1566 Mir’s Castle became a property of great Radzivill’s kin - “kings of Lithuania'. Mir’s castle is a card of Belarus. At 29th November in 2000 it was enter by UNESCO in The List of the World Cultural Heritage. Nearby the castle there is an unique Church-Tomb, where repose last castle’s owners with title - dukes Sviatopolk-Mirsky.First mention about Navagrudak took place at 1044. Navagrudak is the first capital of the Great Duchy of Lithuania. It has unique monument of defensive building in middle ages - castle on the Castle’s Mount. In 1253 on behalf of Pope in Navagrudak took place a crowning of the first and at the same time the last King of Lithuania - Mindaug. Town is famous because of it’s historical past and original architecture. Since XVII Lubcza belongs to Radzivill’s kin. Castle in Lubcza was build on city edge at high left bank of the river Nioman and had a shape of foursquare (85 X 85 m). From different directions there was a defence ditch 30m hight and 7-8 m depth (Wes, South) and 10 m (East), in North part castle was defender by river Nioman. The date of occurrence of Lida is considered 1323 - beginning of building Lida’s castle, around which gradually grew a town. Lida’s castle is one of the most largest on the territory of modern Belarus. It was necessary about 23000 m3 and 1.5 million pieces of raw brick to build this castle.

Polatsk
 
Polatsk - the oldest city Belarus, this town meets the traveler with magnificent views of the Western Dvina. Visitors will learn about the Saint Sophia Cathedral of the XVIII century, which was built on surviving fragments of the Cathedral of the XI century., will examine it's museum, and descend into the caves, and in the renovated hall to hear a concert of organ music, and viewing the exposition of the Museum of Printing in buildings of the ancient monastery of the Epiphany, and visit of the Saviour Euphrosyne, a convent that stores the relics of St. Euphrosyne of Polatsk, go through the ancient streets of the town which remember the footsteps of the legendary Prince of Polatsk Vseslav-Magician, the architect of John, a master goldsmith Lazar Bogscha, first printer Skaryna, and unforgettable Simeon of Polatsk. You will definitely like this city!

Braslau - National park "Braslau lakes" - Sarya
 
Castle Hill is the heart of the ancient Braslau. Irregular plan with meandering streets and picturesquely scattered houses of stone on the hills gives a special charm to this corner of the city. The city preserved samples of Wooden Architecture, as well as the characteristic buildings in Modernist style. Two iconic monuments of the late XIX century form with its towers the distinctive silhouette of the city, there are Church of the Virgin Mary and the Church of the Assumption. There is a spectacular panorama of Braslau from Castle Hill. During the tour you can see the most interesting natural objects of the National Park "Braslau Lakes": Mount Lighthouse and Park and Belmont. In Sarya there is the estate of Lopatsinski family (XVI c.). Governor of Brest Province Nikolai Lopatsinski in his time quickly realized that this place is perfect to live: Vilnius is very close to and around is the beautiful scenery. In 1753, the governor bought the land from Alexander Sapieha. Since then Sarya began to flourish. Lopatsinski knew five languages, was a prominent lawyer, had a reputation for uncompromising politics and gathered library archive. The most valuable of his achievements is a neo-Gothic church (1852-1857). During the tour you will discover a touching story of the creation of this temple.

Lida - Muravanka - Hrodna
 
The date of occurrence of Lida is considered 1323 - beginning of building Lida’s castle, around which gradually grow a town. Lida’s castle is one of the most largest on the territory of modern Belarus. It was necessary about 23000 m3 and 1.5 million pieces of raw brick to build this castle. Among the very rich architectural heritage of the churches in Belarus Muravanka takes pride of place. It’s hard to find in Belarus more original building in style and grandeur than the temple in Muravanka. Not so many ancient temples came to us in the primary form of ... And it was built in 1524. Temple-fortress rises on the foundation of boulders. It has a structure with powerful defensive towers, in which are made loopholes. Old Royal Castle in Hrodna, was erected in the XIV century. At the end of the XVI century King Stefan Batory built a palace here, which played a significant role in the history of the state. Next - New Castle of XVIІІ c., where took place the dramatic events of the second and third sections of the Commonwealth. Both locks are beautifully stretched out on a high bank of the Nioman, which offers a unique landscape of the city. There is the oldest church in Belarus - Kalozha, built in XII century. Exquisite Farny Church in 1705 is striking sculptural grandeur of the facade and its lavish interior. The excursion will continue examination of the numerous monasteries, churches and churches of the city, as well as visits to rich museums in Hrodna. Tour also introduces the activities of the Hrodna reformer Anthony Tyzengauz.

Vitebsk - Zdravnevo
 
The world's greatest artist Marc Chagall throughout his life carried a love for Vitebsk. Through his paintings Vitebsk known throughout the world. The ancient city, which emerged as early as the tenth century and played a major role in the past of Belarus has managed to preserve its historical and cultural heritage. During the tour you will see the town hall - a symbol of Magdeburg Law (now the museum), the Governor's Palace, built in classical style in the XVIII century, the part of an ordinary civilian buildings and temples of XVIII-XX centuries. In the early twentieth century Vitebsk was the symbol of the dynamically developing branch of art known worldwide as "the Vitebsk School", which were outstanding representatives of Marc Chagall, the author of the mysterious "Black Square" Konstantin Malevich and the creator of Russian Seasons in Paris Mstislav Dobuzhinsky. The works of these artists are exhibited in major museums around the world and praised the Belarusian school of painting. Art works by Marc Chagall can be seen in his house-museum and art gallery. Then you will visit the restored manor and park complex in Zdravnevo Ilya Repin, where you will see a museum exhibit and enjoy the beautiful scenery.

Pinsk
 
Pinsk is an example of the harmonious unity of works of architecture, rich history and scenic beauty of Palessie. Pinsk is the "capital of the Western Palessie ", an ancient city which is spread among the wonderful landscapes of Pina and Pripyat. It has been known since 1097. This town take second place in Belarus after the Grodno on the preservation of architectural monuments and historical buildings . In the central square and main street there are numerous monuments: the ensemble of the old Franciscan monastery, the Cathedral with exquisite decor and magnificent facade of authority, sculptural forms Jesuit college, the palace Butrimovich. Close to there is the Church of St. Barbara and the Church of St. Charles Baromeusz. All these monuments are of XVI-XIX centuries.

Homel - Vetka
 
Homel is known from written sources from the middle of the XII century. A fundamental restructuring of the city began with the end of the XVIII century, when Homel was presented to Russian commander Pyotr Rumyantsev. There was built palace in the classical style, surrounded by a huge park. The harmonious combination in a single ensemble of nature and architecture can be attributed to the palace of the best examples of the palace and park of Belarusian art XVIII-XIX centuries. You will find a fascinating tour of the palace and park complex Rumyantsev-Paskevich. Vetka was founded in 1685 by Old Believers who had fled from Russia. In the XVII-XVIII centuries the city was the center of split activity. In the culture of Vetka preserved traditions of Moscow Russia. Even the central square of ​​the city was called by analogy with the Moscow – Red Square. It save this title to the present day. In 1987 in the city was opened a museum of folk art (in the house of the merchant Groshikov). There is an unique collection of various objects, from ancient icons to modern books and patterned towels.         

Turau - "Pripyatsky" landscape hydrological reserve

The ancient town Turau is the heart of Palessie. In written sources, the city was first mentioned in the "Tale of Bygone Years" at 980 as the center of tribe dryhavichy. In Middle Ages Turau was the largest among the Eastern Slavs cultural and religious center of literature and chronicles. In Turau, in the XII century lived and worked most educated person of his era - a poet, philosopher, educator, theologian and preacher Bishop Cyril Turauski. In the north-west of Castle Hill is located Borisoglebsk old cemetery. There in the middle of the XII century was the bishop's monastery named by Boris and Hleb, in one of the towers of which Cyril Turauski lived as a hermit. You will see the preserved ancient Church of All Saints. At the National Park "Pripyat" you will plunge into unforgettable journey through the conservation area on the train with an opportunity to see what all the fun park is famous for: plants, birds, animals and stunning landscapes. At the end of tour can be arranged sailing on the boat on the river Pripyat.

Brest
 
Brest is an ancient city on the western border of Belarus with a rich history. The first chronicles relating to the ancient Berestie refer to the town was founded in 1019 as a trading center and fortress. Its growth has contributed a very favorable geographical position on the route between East and West, on the banks of affluent Western Bug when merging with river Mukhovets. Brest was the first Belarusian city, which granted the Magdeburg right to self-government. It was concluded in 1596 Brest Church Union there. It was signed in 1918 a dramatic Brest peace treaty, which resulted in the territory of Belarus was "broken" into pieces and divided between Russia and Germany. Here were born and lived many prominent people. The events of World War II left an indelible imprint on the face of this city. You will visit the castle museum, and an archaeological museum "Berestye", the museum saved values ​​and Locomotive Museum (optional).

Kamenetz - National park " Belavezha Forest"
 
Kamenetz was founded in 1276 by ​​order of Prince Vladimir Vasilkovich from Volhyn. The architect Olexa, together with the local people built a fortified settlement, which had has the pit and 30-meter high stone tower. Kamenetz became a major trading center because of it well-fortified and placed on the trade route from birch bark in Harodnya and from Krakow to Vilnius. Bialowieza Forest - one of the largest and oldest forest reserves in Europe (total area of about 145,000 ha). The first information about the terrain and tribes (neuritis), which lived in the forest, are mentioned in Herodotus 'History' (V c. BC), in the works of Tacitus and Pliny the Elder (I - II century AD.). As an ancient virgin forest the Bialowieza Forest is mentioned in the Hypatian Chronicle of 983.

Myadel - Naroch - "Blue Lakes" - National Park "Narochansky"
 
Myadel Land can rightly be called the reserved edge. Among the cultural and historical heritage, preserved in Myadel, we should mention the fragments of the castle on the island of Lake Myastro and impressive monument of baroque architecture - Church of Our Lady of the Scapular. Catholic Church was built as the part of the convent of Carmelite Discalced. Let's take a look at the history of the village Naroch. It has its roots in the 1463 and is associated with the establishing of the princes Svirsky the estate Kobylniki (Oshmiany District) wooden church. The kin of Svirsky was one of the oldest princely families in the province of Vilno in the Great Duchy of Lithuania. "Blue Lakes" - the territory of National Park "Narochansky." Magnificent landscapes, clear lakes Glublya and Glubelka, mysterious and gloomy Dead Lake leave indelible impressions on visitors of Narochansky Edge.

Mahiliou - Buynickaye Field
 
Marvelous Mahiliou stretches through the banks of the river Dniepr. This town arised more than 7 centuries ago. It has very intensive history and peculiar monuments of architecture, the most widespread styles – Classicism and Modernist. In 1577 town gain the Magdeburg Law, and the Town Hall is the confirmation of this fact. You will see the Church of St. Nikolay from XVII century, with a richly decorated facade and magnificent iconostasis; Cathedral Church of St. Stanislav from XVIII century with unique fresco; palace of Koninsky, which was built by great architect Jan Kszysztof Gaubic in baroque in 1762. There are many apartment houses and constructions from XVIII-XIX centuries. You will be pleasantly surprised by a visit to the unique Museum of Ethnography in Mahiliou. At the end of tour, the tourists will visit the memorial Buynickaye Field, on which was the battle in 1595 between rebels led by hetman Nalivaiko, and 18000th cavalry troops of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. In 1812 there was a bloody skirmish with the French troops. In July 1941, 12,000 volunteers heroic kept defense of the city Mogilev.                             

Slonim - Zhirovichi - Synkovichi
 
Slonim had arised on the bank of the river Shchara and from the ancient times played an important role in the history of Belarus. It kept the old layout, and numerous monuments from XVII-XVIII centuries: male and female Bernardine monastery, the Town Hall, Auster, Synagogue, Church of St. Andrew. Chancellor Grand Lithuanian Lev Sapieha left a bright trace in the history of Slonim, as well as the Great Lithuanian Hetman Michal Kazimierz Oginski, at the time of which Slonim gained fame of "Northern Athens." It was Oginski, who organized building of the first Baltic-Black Sea reservoir - the channel which now bears his name, and also funded two opera collectives and orchestras. In those days, Slonim Opera toured even in Warsaw! Zhirovichi monastery, which is 500 years old, has a miraculous image of Our Lady Zhirovitsky and differs by expressive architecture and is famous for its rich historical past. The first Archimandrite of the local Basilian monastery was Yazofat Kuntsevich. You will visit the temples and will have a possibility to touch the miraculous icon ... Guide of the Theological Seminary will tell you about the monastery, seminary, hold you to a holy source. Miraculously, despite the wars and raids Khmelnitsky, German and Soviet armies, Zhirovichi and all the local temples have survived ... Even the wooden church of St. George XVII. Not far from Zhirovichi in Synkovichi, is a unique monument of Gothic architecture - the church-fortress of the XVI century. And today, as well as six centuries ago, the church appear in all its glory and power. The massive walls, towers, arches over the room making it look like a small castle. There were a lot similar temples in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. But among churches-fortress church in Synkavichy stands out of it’s brightness architecture.

Bereza Kartuska - Ruzany - Pruzhany - Kosovo - Merechovshchina
 
Bereza Kartuska was first mentioned in 1477. In XVII c. the owner is Chancellor  Leo Sapieha GDL, after his death this place goes into possession of his sons John and Kazimierz. The last finances the construction of the monastery for Cartesians . Later Bereza was owned by Cartesians who actively develop trade, crafts and education. Rużany always had been known for the famously wallpapers, fabrics, carpets, and belts. In 1617, the Sapiehas built there a church of st. Trinity, which has survived to this day. The real jewel of the city was and remains Palace - former residence of Sapieha, which combines features of late Baroque and Classical (XVI-XVIII). Some call him "the Belarusian Coliseum" (currently under reconstruction of the palace, the museum works). Pruzhany were formed by the river Muchawiec. The marketplace is the historical center of historic architecture - the Church of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary (XIX cent.), the orthodox church of Alexander Nievski (XIX), the former pharmacy building (1811). The visiting card of the city is museum-seat of Szwykowsky called "Pruzhany Palace". The seat of the surrounding park, the museum operates with a rare specimen - the sixteenth-century wooden image of the "Last Supper". In the nineteenth century Vandalin Puslovsky had been inherited. He was a well-known industrialist and connoisseur of the arts. Thanks him Kosovo was the palace with towers, hatches and windows in the Gothic style. Apparently in Europe remained only 2 similar places - in Italy and France. Merechovshchina is the Kostiushko family estate. Tadeusz Kosciuszko - one of the most prominent political activists in Europe spent here his childhood. In the world there are over 200 monuments to the man who became a national hero of Belarus, Polish, USA, honorary citizen of France. In today's seat, which was renewed on the basis of Napoleon Orda, the museum operates.            

Budslav - Postavy - Kamai - Luchay
 
The village Budslav is the main sanctuary in Belarus with the miraculous image of Our Lady of Budslav (gift of Pope Clement VIII to Governor of Minsk John Pac, after his death the image has been passed to Budslav). The first image through the miracles described in the book “Zodiac on the ground” (Vilnius 1650), when the Josaphat Tyszkiewicz - five years old boy regained his sight. Once the owner of Postavy - Anthony Tyzenhauz created here real European town with a palace, neo-Gothic church of St. Anthony, beautiful city buildings. It all has survived to this day, including a pharmacy that was open during the last 2 centuries. Marvelous church of John the Baptist in Kamai is the oldest authorities in Belarus. During the Great Northern War, the church was attacked by the Swedes. To this day, the massive stone walls remain missiles. The paintings on the walls are the work of urban artist Alfred Romer, as well as the image Christ and the orphan. From a distance, you can see how towers of the church St. Thaddeus - the most powerful church in Belarus, rise above Luchay. Paintings on the walls in the grisaille style imitate architecture and sculpture. Among the angels and saints are presented images of life of Luchay  - farmers, priests, beautiful lady ...... At it all you can look infinitely long.

 Gerviaty - Mihalishki - Svir - Zasvir
 
Gerviaty are known from the thirteenth century, today this small village is very popular among tourists because of its beautiful church of St. Trinity in neo-Gothic style. Mihalishki is the homeland Charles Bzhostowski and American poet Menke Katz. You will visit church of St. Michael in  Sarmatian Baroque style. Then you will visit  lake and city with the same name – Svir with beautiful scenery. This place was  the residence of the Duke Dovmont. Built on the edge of a forest monastery of Carmelite in  Zasvir charms in the shape and gravity.

Mosar - Glubokoe - Sarya
 
In the village of Mosar is a church in the classical style, near the eighteenth century around, over several hectares priest Joseph Bulka (1925-2010) and people from Mosar created a true masterpiece of landscape architecture: a series of chapels, fountains, statues, ponds, countless flower beds, trees, shrubs ... When you look at it all, is very difficult to believe how incredibly much can one man. Glubokoe amazes unique style sacred monuments of Vilnius baroque - the orthodox church and the catholic church, looking at each other. In Sarya there is the estate of Lopatsinski family (XVI c.). Governor of Brest Province Nikolai Lopatsinski in his time quickly realized that this place is perfect to live: Vilnius is very close to and around is the beautiful scenery. In 1753, the governor bought the land from Alexander Sapieha. Since then Sarya began to flourish. Lopatsinski knew five languages, was a prominent lawyer, had a reputation for uncompromising politics and gathered library archive. The most valuable of his achievements is a neo-Gothic church (1852-1857). During the tour you will discover a touching story of the creation of this temple.